Author Archives: Jolie Black Bear

Breastfeeding on Indian Time: Why breastfeeding frequency is not measured by the clock

We now understand what our grandmothers before us knew by instinct and practice: breastfeeding works best when you watch your baby for signs of hunger and satisfaction rather than timing how long your baby nurses, or using the hour on … Continue reading

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How do I know when my baby is hungry?

In the newborn, some early signs of hunger are: smacking lips opening and closing mouth sucking on fingers, or tongue waving arms and kicking legs eye movement under closed eyelids (especially if baby is sleepy and difficult to wake) Some … Continue reading

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Breastfeeding and Cigarette Smoking

Moms who smoke cigarettes often express uncertainty about the safety of smoking while breastfeeding. A common misconception is that chemicals found in cigarette smoke will be fully transferred through mom’s milk and make breastfeeding unsafe. While it is best for … Continue reading

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Breastmilk Storage and Handling Guidelines

  Guidelines for the storage of handling of breastmilk are different than for formula (artificial baby milk) and other infant foods. Live cells and other protective factors in breastmilk inhibit the growth of bacteria, increasing shelf life. Scientific research has … Continue reading

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InfantRisk Center

The InfantRisk Center at Texas Tech University Health Sciences provides up-to-date evidence-based information on the use of medications during pregnancy and breastfeeding to both mothers and healthcare professionals. The website offers information about a wide range of frequently asked questions … Continue reading

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Text4Baby

Text4baby is an educational program of the National Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies Coalition. Text4baby sends mothers 3 messages per week throughout pregnancy and baby’s first year. Each message offers evidence-based information relevant to a mom’s stage in pregnancy or her … Continue reading

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